REIGN IDOLATRY SCRIPTURE RELATION DATES *
Jeroboam I
yaw-rov-awm' (the people will contend)
22 years Instituted
worship of the
Golden Calf
1Ki 11:26-14:20
2Ch 9:29-13:22
War
with Judah
931/0
to 910/09
Nadab
naw-dawv' (liberal, generous)
2 years Golden Calf 1Ki 15:25-28 War
with Judah
910/9
to 909/8
Baasha
bah-shaw' (bravery, wicked; root word = to stink)
24 years Golden Calf 1Ki 15:27-16:7
2Ch 16:1-6
War
with Asa
909/8
to 885/4
Elah
ay-law' (terebinth, or oak)
2 years Drunkard
Golden Calf
1Ki 16:8-10 War
with Judah
886/5
to 885/4
  Zimri
zim-ree' (celebrated in song)
7 days Murderer
Golden Calf
1Ki 16:9-20 War
with Judah
885/4
  Tibni
tib-nee' (building of Jehovah)
4 years
partial rule
Golden Calf 1Ki 16:21 Civil War
with OMRI
885/4
to 880
Omri
om-ree' (servant, or student of Jehovah)
12 years Golden Calf 1Ki 16:17-28 Civil War
with TIBNI
885/4
to 874/3
Ahab
akh-av' (father's brother)
22 years Very Wicked
Golden Calf
Baal, Asherah
1Ki 16:28-22:40
2Ch 18:1
Alliance
with Judah
874/3
to 853
Ahaziah
akh-az-yaw'-hoo (Jehovah holds, or possesses)
2 years Golden Calf
Baal
1Ki 22:40, 51-53
2Ki 1:1-17
2Ch 20:35-37
Peace
with Judah
853
to 852
Jehoram
yeh-ho-rawm' (Jehovah is exalted)
12 years Golden Calf 2Ki 3:1-3
2Ki 9:14-25
2Ch 22:5-7
Alliance
with Judah
852
to 841
Jehu
yay-hoo' (Jehovah is He)
28 years Golden Calf 2Ki 9:1-10:36
2Ch 22:7-12
War
with Judah
841
to 814/3
Jehoahaz
yeh-ho-aw-khawz' (Jehovah holds fast)
17 years Golden Calf 2Ki 13:1-9 Peace
with Judah
814/3
to 798
Jehoash
yeh-ho-awsh' (given by the Lord)
16 years Golden Calf 2Ki 13:10-25
2Ki 14:8-16
2Ch 25:17-24
War
with Judah
798
to 782/1
Jeroboam II
yaw-rov-awm' (the people will contend)
41 years Golden Calf 2Ki 14:16
2Ki 14:23-29
Peace
with Judah
782/1
to 753
CoRegent
793/2
to 782
Zechariah
zek-ar-yaw'-hoo (Jehovah remembers)
6 months Golden Calf 2Ki 14:29
2Ki 15:8-12
Peace
with Judah
753
to 752
  Shallum
shal-loom' (retribution)
1 month Golden Calf 2Ki 15:10
2Ki 15:13-15
Peace
with Judah
752
Menahem
men-akh-aim' (comforter)
10 years Golden Calf 2Ki 15:16-22 Peace
with Judah
752
to 742/1
Pekahiah
pek-akh-yaw' (Jehovah sees)
2 years Golden Calf 2Ki 15:22-26 Peace
with Judah
742/1
to 740/39
Pekah
peh-kakh' (open eyed)
20 years Golden Calf 2Ki 15:25
2Ki 15:27-31
2Ch 28:5-8
War
with Judah
740/39
to 732/1
(counted
from 752)
Hoshea
ho-shay'-ah (salvation)
9 years Golden Calf 2Ki 15:30
2Ki 17:1-41
Peace
with Judah
732/1
to 723/22
  Assyrian Captivity
  REIGN IDOLATRY SCRIPTURE RELATION DATES *
Rehoboam I
rekh-av-awm' (He enlarges the people)
17 years High Places
Images
Asherah
Sodomites
1Ki 12:1-14:31
2Ch 10:1-12:16
War
with Israel
931/0
to 913
Abijam
av-ee-yawm' (Jehovah is my father)
Name variation: Abijah (2Ch 13:3)
3 years High Places
Images
Asherah
Sodomites
1Ki 15:1-8
2Ch 13:1-22
War
with Israel
913
to 911/0
Asa
aw-saw' (physician)
41 years Good King
except
High Places
remained
1Ki 15:9-24
2Ch 14:1-16:14
War with
Baasha
911/0
to 870/69
Jehoshaphat
yeh-ho-shaw-fawt' (whom Jehovah judges)
25 years Good King
except
High Places
remained
1Ki 22:41-50
2Ch 17:1-20:37
Peace
with Israel
870/69
to 848
CoRegent
873/2
to 869
Jehoram
yeh-ho-rawm' (Jehovah is exalted)
Name variation: Joram
8 years
Accession at:
32 years old
Baal 1Ki 22:50
2Ki 8:16-24
2Ch 21:1-20
Peace
with Israel
848
to 841
CoRegent
853 to 848
Ahaziah
akh-az-yaw-hoo' (held by Jehovah)
Name variations: Jehoahaz (2Ch 21:17; 25:23), Azariah (2Ch 22:6)
1 year
Accession at:
22 years old
Baal 2Ki 8:24-29
2Ki 9:27-29
2Ch 22:1-9
Alliance
with Israel
841
Athaliah
ath-al-yaw'-hoo (afflicted of the Lord)
Usurper for:
6 years
Baal 2Ki 8:18, 25-28
2Ki 11:1-20
2Ch 22:1-23:21
2Ch 24:7
Peace
with Israel
841
to 835
Joash
yeh-ho-awsh' (given by the Lord)
Name variation: Jehoash
40 years Good King
except
High Places
remained
2Ki 11:1-12:21
2Ch 22:10-24:27
Peace
with Israel
835
to 796
Amaziah
am-ats-yaw'-hoo (whom Jehovah strengthened)
29 years Good King
except
High Places
remained
2Ki 14:1-4
2Ch 25:1-28
War
with Israel
796
to 767
Uzziah
ooz-zee-yaw'-hoo (power of Jehovah)
Name variation: Azariah
52 years
Accession at:
16 years old
Good King
except
High Places
remained
2Ki 15:1-7
2Ch 26:1-23
Peace
with Israel
767
to 740/39
CoRegent
791/0
Jotham
yo-thawm' (Jehovah is perfect)
16 years Good King
but ???
2Ki 15:32-38
2Ch 27:1-9
War
with Israel
740/39
to 732/1
CoRegent
750 to 740
Ahaz
aw-khawz' (He has grasped)
16 years Golden Calf
Baal
Molech
High Places
2Ki 15:38-16:20
2Ch 28:1-27
War
with Israel
732/1
to 716/5
CoRegent from
744/3
Senior Partner
735 to 731
Hezekiah
khiz-kee-yaw'-hoo (the might of Jehovah)
29 years
Accession at:
25 years old
Very Good
King even
surpassing
King David
2Ki 18:1-20:21
2Ch 29:1-32:33
Isa 36-39
  716/5
to 687/6
CoRegent
from 729
Manasseh
men-ash-sheh' (one who forgets)
55 years Very Wicked
High Places
Baal, Asherah
Molech, Images
2Ki 21:1-18
2Ch 33:1-20
  687/6
to 642/1
CoRegent
696/5 to 587
Amon
aw-mown' (skilled, or master workman)
2 years
Accession at:
22 years old
  2Ki 21:19-23
2Ch 33:21-25
  632/1
to 640/39
Josiah
yo-shee-yaw' (whom Jehovah heals)
31 years
Accession at:
8 years old
  2Ki 22:1-23:30
2Ch 34:1-35:27
  640/39
to 609
Jehoahaz
yeh-ho-aw-khawz' (Jehovah holds fast)
Name variation: Shallum (1Ch 3:15)
3 months
Accession at:
23 years old
  2Ki 23:31-33
2Ch 36:1-4
  609
Jehoiakim
yeh-hoi-yaw-keem' (Jehovah raises up)
Name variation: Eliakim
11 years   2Ki 23:34-24:5
2Ch 36:4-8
  609
to 597
Jehoiachin
yeh-hoi-yaw-keen' (whom Jehovah establishes)
Name variations: Jeconiah, Coniah
3 months
Accession at:
18 years old
  2Ki 24:6-16
2Ch 36:8-10
  597
Zedekiah
tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo (justice of Jehovah)
11 years
Accession at:
21 years old
  2Ki 24:17-35:17
2Ch 36:11-21
  597
to 587/6
  Babylonian Captivity

* Chronology based on Thiele and corrected by Kitchen and Mitchell.

TIP: Click the name of each king above to display a descriptive synopsis of their reign (along with related archeological discoveries if any). Silver Names = Bad King. Gold Names = Good King.

TOP IMAGE: The Ein Gedi wilderness, where David sought refuge during a pursuit by Saul (1 Samuel 23:27 - 24:22).

BOTTOM LEFT IMAGE: Assyrian archers on the battlefield (British Museum, London).

BOTTOM RIGHT IMAGE: Babylon Ishtar Gate - Processional Way wall reconstruction decorated by glazed brick lions and flowers (Pergamon Museum, Berlin).

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